Wednesday, October 9, 2019

BEAUTY SCIENCE: Penetrating the skin's outer surface

The top layer of our skin is a strong protector against chemicals, bacteria, UV radiation, and loss of moisture, which prevents ingredients from entering and moisture from leaving the skin.  Many skin care products are meant to remain in/on this outer layer to help retain moisture and protect the skin surface.

Our skin is made up of a number of cell layers and some ingredients can penetrate deep into those layers. If you want your product to go below the surface of skin, you want something that penetrates. There are plenty ingredients that penetrate the skin outer layer, but in the U.S. it is required to be a drug if it actually does that. In order for products to penetrate the skin, an emulsifier (ingredient that holds others together) is typically used to encapsulate the ingredient and deliver the molecules. 

Skin-care ingredients such as vitamin C and retinol (vitamin A) have very small molecules and, therefore, the ability to penetrate the top layer of skin. Even these ingredients are impacted by things like correct pH level, increasing the atmospheric pressure and the temperature all affect the penetration of an ingredient.

Terms like “nanotechnology” and “microspheres” aren’t just fancy-sounding scientific words—these are the key indicators that let you know how a product is being delivered into your skin. Liposomes and niosomes are used  to deliver skin penetrating ingredients.  (Microencapsulation is the process used: an active ingredient is encased by microscopic capsules or spheres, to preserve the active molecule’s stability, facilitate a controlled release, and enhance penetration through the skin. Certain biologically-active ingredients are fragile and unstable (such as molecules that break down when exposed to light or air). This encapsulation process protects them, and ensures their potency.)
Many ingredients need a special delivery system, but it’s mainly those that are more unstable like retinol, vitamins or certain delicate botanical extracts So what doesn’t need it? Peptides - they are already tiny (peptides are amino acid chains or parts of proteins); essential oils, as they are absorbed via the hair and sebaceous follicle; and hydroxy acids might not require encapsulation. In addition antioxidants are meant to stay on the top layer of the skin, where their action is needed.


No comments:

Post a Comment

We love to hear from you!